Vlad the Impaler
Vlad the Impaler was well known for the punishment that he adopted, the impalement, this is the reason why he was named Tepes, which means The Impaler. The method of impaling criminals and enemies and raising them aloft in the town square for all to see is associated with his ruthless image. Almost any crime, from lying and stealing to killing, could be punished by impalement.
Vlad the Impaler used various means of torturing including, cutting of limbs, blinding, strangulation, burning, cutting off noses and ears, mutilation of sexual organs, scalping, skinning, exposure to the elements or to wild animals and boiling alive. Death by impalement was slow and painful. Victims sometimes endured for hours or days. Vlad the Impaler often had the stakes arranged in various geometric patterns. The most common pattern was a ring of concentric circles in the outskirts of the city that was his target. The height of the spear indicated the rank of the victim. The decaying corpses were often left up for months.
Vlad Tepes (Vlad the Impaler) was the second sun of another Wallachia Voivode, Vlad Dracul (1436-1442, 1443-1447) and Mircea the Old’s grandson. He was the Voivode of Wallachia for three times: in the autumn of 1448, between 1456 and1462, and in November – December 1476. Between 1442 and 1448, the Ottomans, on the custom of those times, kept him prisoner. The voivode on the throne had to send one of his sons in Constantinople as a warranty for his obedience. For a while, he was exiled in Moldavia and Transylvania (1449-1456), waiting for the best moment to take over the throne of Wallachia. He was related with the Voivode of Moldavia, Steven the Great, who was his cousin. When he left the throne in 1462, Tepes was caught and imprisoned in Buda, on the King of Hungary Mathias Corvin order, until 1475. His last reign in Wallachia was short, the boyars preparing a coup against him. He was 45 years old when he died killed by Turks with the help of the boyars and the future Voivode Basarab Laiota.